The design of the Giza pyramids and a proposition for a unified plan
The Horizon of Khufu web site is devoted to the design of the Giza pyramids. This is not simply because they are the largest and most famous but also because, among the 100 odd pyramids in Egypt, they have been the most thoroughly surveyed. If the data so produced is converted into Egyptian units of measure (the cubit) a geometric layout is revealed. This layout implies that the entire Giza project was conceived at the very beginning of building.
The evidence to support this heretic conclusion is presented in a sequence of geometric diagrams which constitute the core of this web site. The findings are the work of a number of authors including some from the present writer. References are provided so that original sources may be checked. The spiritual or symbolic meaning of this geometry remains an open question.
Never has there been such a wealth of books and websites about Giza and those familar with them may wish to press on to the geometry pages. For those less familiar the introduction provides a brief description of the pyramids followed by a more detailed description of the Giza group, based on personal visits which I made 40 years ago. I don’t think the site has changed much since then.
The painting below was made many years ago, using various excavation reports. Consequently it contains a few errors – for example Khufu causeway, with an offset of approximately 1 to 4 (about the same as Khafre causeway to the south), made a bend to the north after leaving the plateau. Also, at the time the site was built, the geography would have been less arid. (I have also shown the indentation of the limestone core masonry of Khufu and Menkaure although it seems this indentation did not extend to the finished casing. Its meaning remains unknown. Khafre core masonry shows no such indentation.)