Allen, J.P. 1988. ‘Funerary texts and their meaning’. In D’Auria, P. Lacovara and C.H. Roehrig (eds.). ‘Mummies and Magic : The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt’. Boston.

Alison, J.

Badawy, A. 1964. ‘The Stellar Destiny of Pharaoh and the so-called Airshafts in Cheops’ Pyramid’. and Trimble, V. 1964. ‘Astronomical Investigations concerning the so-called Air-shafts of Cheops’ Pyramid’. both in MIOAWB. Band.10.

Bauval, R.G. and A. Gilbert. The Orion Mystery. 1994. Bauval, R.G. 1993. ‘Cheops’ Pyramid : A new Dating using the Latest Astronomical Data’. Discussions in Egyptology.26.

Belmonte, J. A. ‘On the Orientation of Old Kingdom Egyptian Pyramids’. Journal for the History of Astronomy, Archaeoastronomy Supplement, Vol. 32, p.S1.…32….1B Also see – Lull, J., and J.A. Belmonte (2009), ‘The Constellations of Ancient Egypt’ in ‘In Search of Cosmic Order, Selected Essays on Egyptian Archaeoastronomy’, edited by J.A. Belmonte and M. Shaltout, Cairo: SCA Press –

Butler, H.R. 1998. ‘Egyptian Pyramid Geometry.’ Benben Publications.Mississauga, Ontario.

Cook, R. J. 2003. ‘A symmetrical plan at Giza’. Discussions in Egyptology. 55.

Cook, R.J. 2021. ‘Pi and Phi in Khufu’.

Cooper, L.

Dash, G. ‘Simultaneous Transit and Pyramid Alignments: Were the Egyptians Errors in Their Stars or in Themselves?’ 2015.

Djedi project –

Gantenbrink, R. – . Gantenbrink also contributed to – Stadelmann, R. 1994. ‘Die sogenannten Luftkanale der Cheopspyramide Modellkorridore fur den Aufstieg des Konigszum Himmel’.MDAIK.

Hale, R. Findings are reported in : Collins, A. 2009. ‘Beneath the Pyramids’. A.R.E. press.

Hamilton, K. 2017. Collected articles on pyramid sites for the layman, extremely informative, and highlighting the poor quality of current survey data.

Legon’s pioneering articles are collected together on his website – . His paper on Khafre is here – GM. 110. (1989). ‘The design of the pyramid of Khaefre’

Lehner, M. 1985. ‘The Pyramid Tomb of Hetep-heres and the Satellite Pyramid of Khufu’. Mainz am Rhein: Deutsche Archäologische Institut, Verlag Philipp von Zabern. Lehner has written many books and articles primarily focussing on the organization of the workforce and how they lived. Reports regularly appear on the AERA website.

Lehner, M. 1991. Dissertation on the Sphinx –

Lethaby, W. 1891. ‘Architecture, Mysticism and Myth’. Architectural Press, London. p.14.

Lightbody, D. I. 2008. ‘Egyptian Tomb Architecture: The archaeological facts of pharaonic circular symbolism’. BAR Publishing. ISBN: 9781407303390.

Krauss, R. 1997. ‘Astronomische Konzepte und Jenseitsvorstellungen in den Pyramidentexten’. Wiesbaden.

Magli, G. 2013. ‘Architecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt’. Cambridge University Press.

Magli, G. ‘The Giza “written” landscape and the double project of King Khufu’.

Magli, G. ‘Akhet Khufu: archaeo-astronomical hints at a common project of the two main pyramids of Giza, Egypt’. 2009.

Maragiogio, V. and C. Rinaldi. 1966. ‘L’Architettura delle Piramidi Menfite, Parte V. Le Piramidi di Zedefra e di Chefren’. Rome:Centro per le Antichità e la Storia dell’Arte del Vicino Oriente. Some chapters from this work are available on the net.

Nell, E. and C. Ruggles. 2013. The Orientations of the Giza pyramids and associated structures.

Petrie, W. M. F. [1883] 2002. The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh. London: Kegan Paul.

Puchkov, A. 2020.

Puchkov, A. 2019. ‘Egyptian starry tales. Part I’ –

Radiocarbon –

Roth, A.M. 1993. ‘Fingers, Stars, and the “Opening of the Mouth” : the nature and function of the NTRWJ – blades’. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. Vol. 79. London. Roth notes that the ceremony of ‘Opening the Mouth’ of statues has parallels in early Mesopotamian civilisation.

Robins, G. and C.C.D Shute.1982. ‘Determining the slope of pyramids’. Göttinger Miszellen, 57 (1982), pp. 49-54.

Ross, C. Ross has unfortunately died and the page from which I found the pyramid spacing information seems to have disappeared.

Rossi, C. 2003. ‘Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt’. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Spence, K. ‘Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids’. Nature 2000. Vol.408. pp.320-324.

Tedder, C.

Vyse and Perring.1840. ‘Operations carried on at the Pyramids of Giza’. Frazer. London.


Reports of ongoing work at Giza may be found online at Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA) –

Giza plateau mapping project –

Digital Giza Harvard –

The Giza archives, Museum of fine arts, Boston –

Photos from the collections of University College, London –